Due to its status as a secret treaty, its existence was not known to the Prime Minister of Australia until 1973, and it was not announced to the public until 2005.  On 25 June 2010, the full text of the agreement was published for the first time in history by the United Kingdom and the United States and is now available online. T92  Shortly after its publication, the seven-page UKUSA agreement was recognized by Time Magazine as one of the most important Documents of the Cold War with immense historical significance.  Harding: The U.S. and Australia work closely together on defense technology, and Australia has long been on the lookout for the U.S. for its largest high-end defense acquisitions. However, the cooperation agreement in the propulsion of nuclear submarines is a crucial step in defense cooperation and connects the defense facilities of the two countries in new ways. The Naval Group, which had been tasked with building 12 state-of-the-art attack submarines, said the new deal was a “huge disappointment." Under the agreement, GCHQ and the NSA exchanged information about the Soviet Union, the People`s Republic of China, and several Eastern European countries (known as exotics).  The network was extended to the Echelon collection and analysis network in the 1960s.
 Harding: At the Quad summit on September 24, we can expect heads of state and government to welcome the AUKUS agreement. While it is unlikely that the UK`s interests in the Indo-Pacific region will coincide with those of the Quad members, the agreement is strong evidence that the unique relationships of individual Quad members with non-members of the group can bring significant benefits. “The agreement will enable cooperation that will further strengthen our mutual defense posture," U.S. President Joe Biden said in a statement Friday ahead of Dutton`s signing ceremony in Canberra with U.S. chargé d`affaires Michael Goldman and British High Commissioner (Ambassador) Victoria Treadell. The National Interest Analysis on ENNPIA, a document outlining why the Australian government sees the treaty as beneficial to Australia, said ENNPIA is only intended to facilitate the exchange of information on nuclear naval propulsion. A subsequent agreement should be negotiated to support the transfer of equipment, materials or technology related to nuclear naval propulsion. After the 18-month consultation phase of AUKUS – and once the requirements and obligations for nuclear-powered submarines for the Royal Australian Navy are understood and assessed – such an agreement would be negotiated and subject to the requirements of Australia`s national treaty, including submission to Parliament and review by the Australian Parliament`s Standing Joint Committee on Contracts (JSCOT). Washington and Canberra signed an “Agreement 123″ on the gold standard in 2010, in which Australia promised not to enrich or reprocess any nuclear material sent by the United States. The Agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States of America (UKUSA, /juːkuːˈsɑː/ yoo-koo-SAH)[Note 1] is a multilateral agreement on cooperation in signals intelligence between Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Intelligence Operations Alliance is also known as the Five Eyes.      In classification markers, it is abbreviated to FVEY, with the different countries abbreviated to AUS, CAN, NZL, GBR or USA.
 The announcement of the pact shortly after the US withdrawal from Afghanistan contradicts the official narrative of US decline. Chinese media has focused on attacking the new deal as the latest U.S. move to contain China, speculating that the submarines could carry nuclear weapons. Dutton stressed that Australia was not seeking nuclear weapons and that the submarines would be conventionally armed, adding that the agreement was consistent with Australia`s international obligations, including the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. He also stated that ENNPIA only allows the exchange of information on naval nuclear propulsion and that no nuclear equipment can be transferred under it. After Murphy`s raids on the headquarters of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) in 1973, Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam was informed of the existence of the UKUSA agreement. After learning of the deal, Whitlam discovered that Pine Gap, a secret surveillance station near Alice Springs, Australia, had been operated by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).     This is the first technology agreement to be signed publicly since the three countries announced in September the formation of a defense alliance, AUKUS, to address strategic tensions in the Pacific, where rivalry between China and the United States is growing. Defense Secretary Peter Dutton joined U.S.
and Australian diplomats in signing an agreement that would allow the exchange of “sensitive information on naval nuclear propulsion" between their countries. China condemned the deal as “extremely irresponsible." Australia did not take this decision lightly, given its caution on nuclear technology, a now-cancelled $90 billion deal with France on building non-nuclear submarines and its economic interests vis-à-vis China. Ultimately, this is a strategic decision to deepen the alliance`s cooperation with the United States in light of concerns about China`s intentions in the Indo-Pacific region. .