“An agreement has been reached between Saudi Arabia and Qatar from tonight on the opening of airspace, land and sea borders," Kuwaiti Foreign Minister Ahmad Nasser al-Sabah told Kuwaiti television ahead of the summit on Monday. “This is happening within the framework of Egypt`s constant will to realize solidarity among the states of the Arab Quartet, and in their focus on consolidating ranks and eliminating any disagreement among fraternal Arab nations," the Foreign Ministry said in a statement. Egypt also signed the agreement to “strengthen joint Arab work in the face of the significant challenges facing the region," the ministry said. Hesham Alghannam began the discussion by highlighting the Al-Ula summit as a breakthrough in the face of the many unsuccessful attempts at reconciliation over the past two years. Alghannam explained that the parties to the dispute had made compromises to achieve reconciliation, as it was urgent in their interest to resume relations. Saudi Arabia, in particular, acknowledged that there was no reason for the blockade to continue and wanted to act as a problem-solving nation before the new US administration took office. Alghannam therefore criticized the overestimation of the importance of the United States in this breakthrough, arguing instead that the responsibility lies with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states themselves, as they take into account their common economic and security interests. Although the summit is an achievement, caution should be exercised with regard to analysis and forecasting, as there is still no need to establish a clear plan to deal with disagreements. Alghannam stressed that such a plan should include: a gradual agreement on opposing positions on Turkey, Iran and the Muslim Brotherhood; a security coordination project against non-State actors in the region, particularly in Iraq and Yemen; a structure for strategic dialogue to reconcile the interests of nation-States with those of the Council; and a framework for future conflict resolution. In the future, Alghannam believes that bilateral solutions will become final without the presence of a mediator to resolve potential disputes. The Royal Commission of al-`Ula has signed a partnership agreement with the Ferrandi-Paris school to offer cooking classes to ALUla chefs. The trained chefs will then work during the Tantourah Winter Festival to serve the guests.
 Strengthen governance, transparency, accountability, integrity and anti-corruption mechanisms through joint actions in the Gulf and in all GCC institutions, including its specialized offices. In addition to the G20 Framework and the “Riyadh Initiative" agreements on cooperation in the investigation and prosecution of cross-border corruption to mitigate the impact of corruption on economic growth, sustainable development and mutual trust between governments and their peoples. Saudi Arabia`s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman announced at the GCC summit on Tuesday that Gulf states had signed an agreement on regional “solidarity and stability" to resolve a three-year embargo on Qatar. Ebtesam Al-Ketbi discussed the importance of confidence-building measures in the region. She stressed that the next phase of reconciliation could pave the way for a new type of relationship between GCC member states. Although the Al-Ula summit marks the beginning of a new phase, differences and disagreements are not ruled out. Therefore, collective cooperation and well-established conflict resolution mechanisms are essential for effective discourse. Al-Ketbi added that building trust among gulf states requires streamlining media organizations in order to restore a common vision of GCC societies and overcome the social consequences of the crisis.
It also includes the promotion of trade and circulation for investment, tourism, work and residence purposes. Al-Ketbi then called for the creation of a court or council to settle regional disputes, rather than elevating them to the international level and establishing mechanisms for regional cooperation to deal with the pandemic. She also highlighted the main security issues that GCC states need to address, including attitudes towards the Muslim Brotherhood and the decriminalization of extremists, positions on Iran and Turkey, and disputes over media platforms and news agencies. Al-Ketbi concluded that the summit document has not yet been released, so countries have enough leeway to resolve issues before releasing this information. On April 10, 2018, a cooperation agreement was signed between Saudi Arabia and France to develop the site and transform it into a cultural site, with the aim of opening the site to regional and international visitors.  The main components of the agreement were related to the cultural, historical, natural, touristic, human and economic development of Al-`Ula, including the preservation and planning of the archaeological and architectural heritage.  The contents of the Brookings Doha Center are now archived. .